# Grade 1 Learner Outcomes

## NUMBER & PLACE VALUE

NUMBER & PLACE VALUE

## CONCEPTUAL UNDERSTANDING

CONCEPTUAL UNDERSTANDING

- The base 10 place value system is used to represent numbers and number relationships.
- Numbers are a naming system.
- Numbers can be used in many ways for different purposes in the real world.

## Knowledge

Knowledge

- Use the language of mathematics to count numbers in sequences up to 100.
- Recognise, model, read, write and order numbers to represent quantities in real-life situations up to 100.
- Use the language of mathematics to compare order and make correspondence between collections of objects to 100 e.g. more or less, first or second and explain their reasoning.
- Model numbers to 100 using the base ten place value system.

## OPERATIONS

OPERATIONS

## CONCEPTUAL UNDERSTANDING

CONCEPTUAL UNDERSTANDING

- The operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division are related to each other and are used to process information to solve problems.

Select and use the appropriate **mental**, **written** and **inventive** strategies for addition and subtraction within 20.

## Knowledge

Knowledge

- Double facts that equal up 20 e.g. 9+9, 10+10
- Teen facts e.g. 10+3, 10+6
- Basic facts to 20 e.g.14-3
- Making ten

## Addition & Subtraction

Addition & Subtraction

**Strategies:**

- Estimation
- Drawing
- Using manipulatives
- Counting on
- Counting back
- Solving problems using knowledge of number facts e.g 6+5 = 11 as 5+5+1

## Multiplication & Division

Multiplication & Division

**Strategies**

- Efficiently skip counting in 2,3,5,10's or repeated addition e.g 5+5+5+5

## PROPORTIONS & RATIOS

PROPORTIONS & RATIOS

## CONCEPTUAL UNDERSTANDING

CONCEPTUAL UNDERSTANDING

- Fractions are ways of representing whole-part relationships.

## Knowledge

Knowledge

- Use the language of fractions (half, quarter, parts, whole)
- Recognise halves and quarters using materials and real life examples.

**Strategies:**

- Shares objects into equal parts.

## SHAPE & SPACE

SHAPE & SPACE

## CONCEPTUAL UNDERSTANDING

CONCEPTUAL UNDERSTANDING

**Van Hiele Level 0.**

- Children observe, feel, build and take apart
- Explore how shapes are alike and different and use them to create classes of shapes
- What shapes look like
- Name shapes based on characteristics e.g it’s a rectangle because looks like a door
- Sort and classify shapes based on appearance
- Properties of shapes are explored informally

## Knowledge

Knowledge

**Shape**:

- Distinguish between defining attributes (e.g., triangles are closed and three-sided) versus non-defining attributes (e.g., color, orientation, overall size); build and draw shapes to possess defining attributes.
- Compose
**two-dimensional shapes**(rectangles, squares, trapezoids, triangles, half-circles, and quarter-circles) or**three-dimensional shapes**(cubes, right rectangular prisms, right circular cones, and right circular cylinders) to create a composite shape, and compose new shapes from the composite shape. - Partition circles and rectangles into two and four equal shares, describe the shares using the words
*halves*,*fourths*, and*quarters*, and use the phrases*half of*,*fourth of*, and*quarter of*. Describe the whole as two of, or four of the shares.

**Space:**

- Give and follow directions to familiar locations
- Begins to understand and use language of north, south, east and west

## MEASUREMENT

MEASUREMENT

## CONCEPTUAL UNDERSTANDING

CONCEPTUAL UNDERSTANDING

- Measurement involves comparing objects and events.
- Objects have attributes that can be measured using non-standard units.
- Events can be ordered and sequenced.

## Knowledge

Knowledge

**Measure lengths indirectly and by iterating length units.**

- Order three objects by length; compare the lengths of two objects indirectly by using a third object.
- Express the length of an object as a whole number of length units, by laying multiple copies of a shorter object (the length unit) end to end; understand that the length measurement of an object is the number of same-size length units that span it with no gaps or overlaps.
*Limit to contexts where the object being measured is spanned by a whole number of length units with no gaps or overlaps*.

**Tell and write time.**

- Tell and write time in hours and half-hours using analog and digital clocks.

## PATTERN & FUNCTION

PATTERN & FUNCTION

## CONCEPTUAL UNDERSTANDING

CONCEPTUAL UNDERSTANDING

- Patterns and sequences occur in everyday situations.
- Patterns repeat and grow.

## Knowledge

Knowledge

- Investigate and describe number patterns formed by skip counting and patterns with objects.

## DATA HANDLING & CHANCE

DATA HANDLING & CHANCE

## CONCEPTUAL UNDERSTANDING

CONCEPTUAL UNDERSTANDING

- We collect information to make sense of the world around us.
- Events in daily life involve chance.

## Knowledge

Knowledge

**Data Handling:**

- Organize, represent, and interpret data with up to three categories; ask and answer questions about the total number of data points, how many in each category, and how many more or less are in one category than in another.

**Chance:**

- Identify outcomes of familiar events involving chance and describe them using everyday language such as ‘will happen’, ‘won’t happen’ or ‘might happen’